Crete is the largest Greek island and the second biggest (after Cyprus) of the East Mediterranean. It comprises mixed and complex water supply systems that combine surface waters (water dams, reservoirs and springs) and groundwater (wells, spring water tapping). The island, which has to rely on its own water resources, is characterized by the lowest rates of annual precipitation in Greece.
The Asopos River Basin is located at the centre of Greece, at the River Basin District of Eastern Sterea Ellada, has an area of approximately 1100 km2. It experiences significant pollution problems that threaten both surface and groundwater bodies.
Our freshwater resources are limited and face increasing pressures from climate variability, pollution, population growth, and competition from many uses. As water management operations are growing in importance and complexity, challenges regarding regulatory compliance, risk management, cost optimization and sustainability of water services foster the need and demand for application of innovative water resources management solutions.
Wastewater management in Greece is being regulated by the Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive (UWWTD).